Chessari, Alessandro, Samuel F. Cousin, Sami Jannin, and Quentin Stern. “Role of Electron Polarization in Nuclear Spin Diffusion.” Physical Review B 107, no. 22 (June 28, 2023): 224429.
Dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) is capable of boosting signals in nuclear magnetic resonance by orders of magnitude by creating out-of-equilibrium nuclear spin polarization. The diffusion of nuclear spin polarization in the vicinity of paramagnetic dopants is a crucial step for DNP and remains yet not well understood. In this paper, we show that the polarization of the electron spin largely controls the rate of proton spin diffusion in a DNP sample at 1.2 K and 7 T; at increasingly high electron polarization, spin diffusion vanishes. We rationalize our results using a 2 nucleus–1 electron model and Lindblad’s master equation, which generalizes preexisting models in the literature and qualitatively accounts for the experimental observed spin diffusion dynamics.