Gizatullin, Bulat, Marat Gafurov, Fadis Murzakhanov, Alexey Vakhin, Carlos Mattea, and Siegfried Stapf. “Molecular Dynamics and Proton Hyperpolarization via Synthetic and Crude Oil Porphyrin Complexes in Solid and Solution States.” Langmuir 37, no. 22 (June 8, 2021): 6783–91.
The use of vanadyl porphyrins either in synthetic compounds or naturally occurring in asphaltenes is investigated as a source of proton hyperpolarization via dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) in nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) experiments. The features of dynamics and location of the vanadyl VO2+ complex in aggregates within the oil asphaltene molecules are studied by means of DNP, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), and NMR ﬁeld cycling relaxometry. Both the solid eﬀect and Overhauser DNP were observed for the asphaltene solution in benzene, as well as in the solution and solid states for synthetic compounds. By comparison with a solution of synthetic vanadyl porphyrins, it is shown that vanadyl porphyrins in asphaltene aggregates are localized outside of the interface of the asphaltene aggregates and more exposed to the maltene molecules than “free” carbon-centered radicals associated with the core of asphaltene molecules. The perceptible contribution of scalar interaction is observed in solutions for both synthetic and asphaltene vanadyl porphyrins.