LED-Based Photo-CIDNP Hyperpolarization Enables 19F MR Imaging and 19F NMR Spectroscopy of 3-Fluoro-DL-tyrosine at 0.6 T #Hyperpolarization

Published: Monday, 12 September 2022 - 10:00 -0400

Author: Thorsten Maly

Bernarding, Johannes, Christian Bruns, Isabell Prediger, and Markus Plaumann. “LED-Based Photo-CIDNP Hyperpolarization Enables 19F MR Imaging and 19F NMR Spectroscopy of 3-Fluoro-DL-Tyrosine at 0.6 T.” Applied Magnetic Resonance 53, no. 10 (October 2022): 1375–98.


19F has high potential to serve as a background-free molecular marker in bioimaging, the molar amount of marker substance is often too small to enable 19F MR imaging or 19F NMR spectroscopy with a sufficiently high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). Hyperpolarization methods such as parahydrogen-based hyperpolarization or dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) can significantly improve the SNR, but require expensive and complex sample preparation and the removal of toxic catalysts and solvents. Therefore, we used the biologically compatible model of the fluorinated amino acid 3-Fluoro-DL-tyrosine with riboflavin 5ʹ-monophosphate (FMN) as a chromophore dissolved in D2O with 3.4% H2O dest., allowing to transform light energy into hyperpolarization of the 19F nucleus via photo-chemically induced dynamic nuclear polarization (photo-CIDNP). We used a low-cost high-power blue LED to illuminate the sample replacing traditionally used laser excitation, which is both potentially harmful and costly. For the first time, we present results of hyperpolarized 19F MRI and 19F NMR performed with a low-cost 0.6 T benchtop MRI system. The device allowed simultaneous dual-channel 1H/19F NMR. 19F imaging was performed with a (0.94 mm) 2in-plane resolution. This enabled the spatial resolution of different degrees of hyperpolarization within the sample. We estimated the photo-CIDNP-based 19F signal enhancement at 0.6 T to be approximately 465. FMN did not bleach out even after multiple excitations, so that the signal-to-noise ratio could be further improved by averaging hyperpolarized signals. The results show that the easy-to-use experimental setup has a high potential to serve as an efficient preclinical tool for hyperpolarization studies in bioimaging.