Perras, Frédéric A., Alexander L. Paterson, Zoha H. Syed, A. Jeremy Kropf, David M. Kaphan, Massimiliano Delferro, and Marek Pruski. “Revealing the Configuration and Conformation of Surface Organometallic Catalysts with DNP-Enhanced NMR.” The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 125, no. 24 (June 24, 2021): 13433–42.
Although single-site, supported organometallic catalysts were designed with homogeneity in mind, little is strictly known about their atomic-level structure and uniformity. This is in large part due to the inability of conventional characterization tools to provide structural information with adequate resolution and range for this purpose. Here, we show that dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP)-enhanced solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) enables the measurement of distances between the surface and individual carbons, making it possible to orient complexes and molecules on surfaces. We use this approach to determine the orientation and conﬁguration of naturally 13C-abundant acetate and supported organoiridium(III) pincer complex, both supported on γ-Al2O3. By combining solid-state NMR and extended X-ray absorption ﬁne structure spectroscopy (EXAFS) experiments with periodic density functional theory (DFT) calculations, we are able to determine the three-dimensional arrangement of ligands around the metal center and thereby identify the structure of the supported complex at a resolution reminiscent of that associated with singlecrystal diﬀractometry.