Miyanishi, Koichiro, Takuya F. Segawa, Kazuyuki Takeda, Izuru Ohki, Shinobu Onoda, Takeshi Ohshima, Hiroshi Abe, et al. “Room Temperature Hyperpolarization of Polycrystalline Sampleswith Optically Polarized Triplet Electrons: Pentacene OrNitrogen-Vacancy Center in Diamond?” Magnetic Resonance, December 15, 2020. https://doi.org/10.5194/mr-2020-36.
We demonstrate room-temperature 13C hyperpolarization by dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) using optically polarized triplet electron spins in two polycrystalline systems: pentacene-doped [carboxyl-13C] benzoic acid and microdiamonds containing nitrogen-vacancy (NV−) centers. For both samples, the integrated solid effect (ISE) is used to polarize the 13C spin system in magnetic ﬁelds of 350–400 mT. In the benzoic acid sample, the 13C spin polarization is enhanced by up to 0.12 % through direct electron-to-13C polarization transfer without performing dynamic 1H polarization followed by 1H−13C cross-polarization. In addition, the ISE has been successfully applied to polarize naturally abundant 13C spins in a microdiamond sample to 0.01 %. To characterize the buildup of the 13C polarization, we discuss the efﬁciencies of direct polarization transfer between the electron and 13C spins as well as that of 13C−13C spin diffusion, examining various parameters which are beneﬁcial or detrimental for successful bulk dynamic 13C polarization.