Dey, A., A. Banerjee, and N. Chandrakumar, Transferred Overhauser DNP: A Fast, Efficient Approach for Room Temperature 13C ODNP at Moderately Low Fields and Natural Abundance. The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 2017. 121(29): p. 7156-7162.
Overhauser dynamic nuclear polarization (ODNP) is investigated at a moderately low field (1.2 T) for natural abundance 13C NMR of small molecules in solution state at room temperature. It is shown that ODNP transferred from 1H to 13C by NMR coherence transfer is in general significantly more efficient than direct ODNP of 13C. Compared to direct 13C ODNP, we demonstrate over 4-fold higher 13C sensitivity (signal-to-noise ratio, SNR), achieved in one-eighth of the measurement time by transferred ODNP (t-ODNP). Compared to the 13C signal arising from Boltzmann equilibrium in a fixed measurement time, this is equivalent to about 1500-fold enhancement of 13C signal by t-ODNP, as against a direct 13C ODNP signal enhancement of about 45-fold, both at a moderate ESR saturation factor of about 0.25. This owes in part to the short polarization times characteristic of 1H. Typically, t-ODNP reflects the essentially uniform ODNP enhancements of all protons in a molecule. Although the purpose of this work is to establish the superiority of t-ODNP vis-a-vis direct 13C ODNP, a comparison is also made of the SNR in t-ODNP experiments with standard high resolution NMR as well. Finally, the potential of t-ODNP experiments for 2D heteronuclear correlation spectroscopy of small molecules is demonstrated in 2D 1H-13C HETCOR experiments at natural abundance, with decoupling in both dimensions.