Field‐frequency locked X‐band Overhauser effect spectrometer #DNPNMR

This article is already a bit older. However, it nicely illustrates that DNP, specifically ODNP has been around for a while already, and gives some interesting specifics on the instrumentation that are still valid today.

Chandrakumar, N. and P.T. Narasimhan, Field‐frequency locked X‐band Overhauser effect spectrometer. Review of Scientific Instruments, 1981. 52(4): p. 533-538.

The design and construction of an Overhauser Effect Spectrometer operating at X band is described. The ESR section is a Varian V-4502 spectrometer equipped with a 9-in. electromagnet and a shim coil assembly. NMR detection is based on a broadband rf hybrid juction feeding a coil in an X-band quartz dielectric cavity. Signal processing is carried out at a constant intermediate frequency of 25.1 MHz with a Varian V -4311 fixed frequency rf unit. The mixing scheme employed to translate the NMR information to 25.1 MHz is described. Medium resolution performance (resolution _10-6 ) for the NMR is achieved under field-frequency locked conditions. The lock is based on a Super-Regenerative Oscillator (SRO) housing a control sample, and operating as a field-tracking frequency source. This SRO injects into an oscillator which excites the analytical sample resonance and also serves as a local oscillator, thereby making the locked spectrometer multinuclear in capability. Typical Overhauser effect recordings of protons and fluorines are presented.

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