Nishimura, Koki, Hironori Kouno, Yusuke Kawashima, Kana Orihashi, Saiya Fujiwara, Kenichiro Tateishi, Tomohiro Uesaka, Nobuo Kimizuka, and Nobuhiro Yanai. “Materials Chemistry of Triplet Dynamic Nuclear Polarization.” Chemical Communications 56, no. 53 (2020): 7217–32.
This Feature Article overviews the recently-emerged materials chemistry of triplet dynamic nuclear polarization (triplet-DNP) towards biological and medical applications.
Dynamic nuclear polarization with photo-excited triplet electrons (triplet-DNP) has the potential to enhance the sensitivity of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at a moderate temperature. While many efforts have been devoted to achieving a large nuclear polarization based on triplet-DNP, the application of triplet-DNP has been limited to nuclear physics experiments. The recent introduction of materials chemistry into the field of triplet-DNP has achieved air-stable and water-soluble polarizing agents as well as the hyperpolarization of nanomaterials with a large surface area such as nanoporous metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) and nanocrystal dispersion in water. This Feature Article overviews the recently-emerged materials chemistry of triplet-DNP that paves new paths towards unprecedented biological and medical applications.