Category Archives: Mn

Daube, Diane, M. Vogel, Beatrix Suess, and Bjoern Corzilius. “Dynamic Nuclear Polarization on a Hybridized Hammerhead Ribozyme: An Explorative Study of RNA Folding and Direct DNP with a Paramagnetic Metal Ion Cofactor,” n.d., 43.

While uniform isotope labeling of ribonucleic acids (RNA) can simply and efficiently be achieved by in-vitro transcription, the specific introduction of nucleotides in larger constructs is non-trivial and often ineffective. Here, we demonstrate how a medium-sized (67-mer), biocatalytically relevant RNA (hammerhead ribozyme, HHRz) can be formed by spontaneous hybridization of two differently isotope-labeled strands, each individually synthesized by in-vitro transcription. This allows on the one hand for a significant reduction in the number of isotope-labeled nucleotides and thus spectral overlap particularly under magic-angle spinning (MAS) dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) NMR conditions, on the other hand for orthogonal 13C/15N-labeling of complementary strands and thus for specific investigation of structurally or functionally relevant inter-strand and/or inter-stem contacts. By this method, we are able to confirm a non-canonical interaction due to single-site resolution and unique spectral assignments by two-dimensional 13C–13C (PDSD) as well as 15N–13C (TEDOR) correlation spectroscopy under “conventional” DNP enhancement. This contact is indicative of the ribozyme’s functional conformation, and is present in frozen solution irrespective of the presence or absence of a Mg2+ co-factor. Finally, we use different isotope-labeling schemes in order to investigate the distance dependence of paramagnetic interactions and direct metal ion DNP if the diamagnetic Mg2+ is substituted by a paramagnetic Mn2

Gd(iii) and Mn(ii) complexes for dynamic nuclear polarization: small molecular chelate polarizing agents and applications with site-directed spin labeling of proteins #DNPNMR

Kaushik, M., et al., Gd(iii) and Mn(ii) complexes for dynamic nuclear polarization: small molecular chelate polarizing agents and applications with site-directed spin labeling of proteins. Phys Chem Chem Phys, 2016. 18(39): p. 27205-27218.

We investigate complexes of two paramagnetic metal ions Gd3+ and Mn2+ to serve as polarizing agents for solid-state dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) of 1H, 13C, and 15N at magnetic fields of 5, 9.4, and 14.1 T. Both ions are half-integer high-spin systems with a zero-field splitting and therefore exhibit a broadening of the mS = -1/2 <–> +1/2 central transition which scales inversely with the external field strength. We investigate experimentally the influence of the chelator molecule, strong hyperfine coupling to the metal nucleus, and deuteration of the bulk matrix on DNP properties. At small Gd-DOTA concentrations the narrow central transition allows us to polarize nuclei with small gyromagnetic ratio such as 13C and even 15N via the solid effect. We demonstrate that enhancements observed are limited by the available microwave power and that large enhancement factors of >100 (for 1H) and on the order of 1000 (for 13C) can be achieved in the saturation limit even at 80 K. At larger Gd(iii) concentrations (>/=10 mM) where dipolar couplings between two neighboring Gd3+ complexes become substantial a transition towards cross effect as dominating DNP mechanism is observed. Furthermore, the slow spin-diffusion between 13C and 15N, respectively, allows for temporally resolved observation of enhanced polarization spreading from nuclei close to the paramagnetic ion towards nuclei further removed. Subsequently, we present preliminary DNP experiments on ubiquitin by site-directed spin-labeling with Gd3+ chelator tags. The results hold promise towards applications of such paramagnetically labeled proteins for DNP applications in biophysical chemistry and/or structural biology.

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