Lim, Byung Joon, Bryce E. Ackermann, and Galia T Debelouchina. “Targetable Tetrazine‐Based Dynamic Nuclear Polarization Agents for Biological Systems.” ChemBioChem, November 19, 2019, cbic.201900609.
Dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) has shown great promise as a tool to enhance the nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) signals of proteins in the cellular environment. As the sensitivity increases, the ability to select and efficiently polarize a specific macromolecule over the cellular background has become desirable. Here, we address this need and present a tetrazine-based DNP polarization agent that can be targeted selectively to proteins containing the unnatural amino acid (UAA) norbornene-lysine. The UAA can be introduced efficiently by genetic means in the cellular milieu. Our approach is bio-orthogonal and easily adaptable to any protein of interest. We illustrate the scope of our methodology and investigate the DNP polarization transfer mechanisms in several biological systems. Our results shed light on the complex polarization transfer pathways in targeted DNP and ultimately pave the way to selective DNPenhanced NMR spectroscopy in both bacterial and mammalian cells.